Let’s look at the parts of a door and then at some door styles that actually fit the house style.
The height you use will be set by the ceiling height (80-inch-tall doors don’t really fit in taller rooms) and the window height. Though it’s often overlooked, aligning the top of the door with the top of a window is a nice thing to do.
As for the width, while 30 inches has been the norm for decades, wider will allow for walkers, wheelchairs etc. And even if you don’t need a wider door for a wheelchair, the extra width will be nice when you’re moving that king-size mattress and monster headboard into the bedroom.
A door is constructed of three basic pieces: stiles, rails and panels. The left and right vertical elements are called stiles. The stile with the hinges is called the hinge stile, while the stile with the doorknob is called the lock stile. The horizontal elements are called rails. These rails butt into and connect to the stiles. At the top and bottom are, naturally enough, the top rail and bottom rail. On six-panel doors, unlike on, say, one-panel doors, there are also the cross rail and the lock rail. Some doors also have additional vertical pieces that connect the rails. These are the mullions. All of these basic components form a grid that creates the overall structure of a door.
Filling the voids between the grid of stiles and rails and sometimes mullions are the panels. These panels are typically flat or raised, but can also have scooped or other profiles. Probably the most common panel is raised. Just about every big-box retailer has raised panel-doors in stock, as these are the most popular.
Lastly, there’s the sticking. This is a small bit of trim that surrounds the panel along the edge of the stile and rail frame. Available in many different profiles, from quarter round to square to ogee to beveled and more, sticking provides a level of detail and visual interest to a door as well as locks the panel in place.
A three-panel door like the ones shown here is appropriate for a more formal and traditional space.
Also, while we’ve focused on painted doors, there are many wood species that can be used unfinished for a door. Pine, alder, cherry, oak etc. in a variety of cuts such as rift, quarter sawn etc. and a variety of characters such as sap, heart, clear etc. are all possibilities.
Lastly, doors such as the ones shown here don’t have to be custom made. There are many manufacturers that can produce doors to your specifications, easily ordered from almost any lumber store.
Give your doors some consideration. You’ll be glad you did.